Obstructive Sleep Apnea Treatment
Obstructive sleep apnea is the most common of sleep apnea but it can be treated in numerous ways by looking for obstructive sleep apnea treatment. What need to be looked at for obstructive sleep apnea treatment are the patientâ€™s medical history, the disorderâ€™s severity, and crucially, the exact cause of the airway blockage.
Children that have OSA do so typically due to chronically enlarged adenoids and tonsils. Tonsillectomies and adenoidectomies are successful at diminishing OSA substantially. The difficulty level associated with operations to reduce OSA in children can be very high, as for example with cases of reduced growth of the body alongside poor development of the right side of the heart. Fortunately, when OSA associated high exhalation pressures are lowered complications to the cardiovascular system tend to reverse of their own accord. Careful precautionary practices are adhered to during the important postoperative period in children.
WhatÂ obstructive sleep apnea treatment available
Obstructive sleep apnea treatment in adults who have poor oropharyngeal airways in combination with a large upper body frame are open to a variety of treatments. Unfortunately, this most common form of OSA tends not to have particular treatment methods that habitually work, each case needs specific evaluation over the best course of action.
Such methods for relieving obstruction sleep apnea consist of changes to the sufferer lifestyle, e.g. reducing alcoholic intake, avoiding medications that may relax the central nervous system (CNS) (e.g. sedatives, muscle relaxants), stopping smoking and reducing weight. Specially designed devices, such as pillows, that stop the sufferer from sleeping on their back can be effective in reducing OSA.
Oral appliances are sometimes used for obstructive sleep apnea treatment.Â These keep the patients airways open whilst they are asleep. Mandibular advancement splints (MAS) are sometimes advised to lessen mild to moderate OSA. MAS consists of a mouth guard, similar to that used with impact sports to protect the teeth, which holds the lower jaw a little more down and forward from its usual relaxed position. When in use the users tongue is moved farther from the back of the airways, possibly far enough so that some OSA sufferers are able to gain improved breathing.
Another treatment for obstructive sleep apnea is with CPAP. CPAP comes in the form of a mask attached to the face which has a tube running from an air pump to the suffererâ€™s mouth and or nose, forcing controlled bursts of air through the obstructed air passageways and into the lungs. CPAP uses a constant air pressure found by performing an overnight test or ‘titrationâ€™ on the sufferer. Recent models of CPAP contraptions are able to reduce the exhalation pressure for improved performance and patient comfort.
Many various surgical ways of widening airways, or removing or tightening tissues in that area are used; the success rate tends to be low with these practices. In some cases patients adopt a combination of such therapies to reduce their OSA. Surgery for sleep apnea is typically a last resort, used when none of the above as well as other more experimental OSA reduction methods of obstructive sleep apnea treatment.