Before understanding what sleep apnea treatment CPAP is, we need to know what sleep apnea is as CPAP is a treatment for sleep apnea. Sleep apnea is a sleep disorder in which breathing during sleep is interrupted. This happens repeatedly as one sleeps, the result of which is that a person feels tired and sleepy even after a full night’s sleep. It could either be due to narrowing of the air passage (as in case of obstructive sleep apnea) or due to the brain not being able to send proper signals to the muscles that control breathing (as in case of central sleep apnea). Complex sleep apnea is the third type which is a combination of both the previous forms of sleep apnea.
Sleep apnea treatment CPAP or CPAP therapy is the most popular form of treatment for obstructive sleep apnea in which the CPAP machine increases air pressure in one’s air passage and prevents it from collapsing. It is a non surgical mode of treatment that is useful for treating those with medium to severe sleep apnea. Sleep apnea treatment CPAP machines that are used in CPAP therapy need to be approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in the United States. These medical devices are available only on production of a medical prescription. Hence, CPAP therapy can be started only at the advice of a doctor. Although most commonly used for treating obstructive sleep apnea, CPAP therapy is often advised to those who suffer from sleep apnea and coronary heart disease or heart failure and today is largely used in intensive care units for ventilation.
The uses of sleep apnea treatment CPAP
Sleep apnea treatment CPAP is done with the use of the CPAP machines that blow air into the air passage at a particular pressure. This pressure is maintained by the flow generator in the CPAP machine. This compressed air is delivered though a hose or pipe to the nose mask or a full face mask for sleep apnea treatment, whichever is worn by the patient. The pressure that has to be maintained is determined by a sleep physician based on the reports of observations done on the patient during an overnight sleep in a sleep laboratory.
The normal CPAP machine that is most commonly available, maintains a fixed pressure. However, in the APAP or the Auto CPAP, the pressure is automatically adjusted to the minimum level required to prevent the air passage from collapsing. The BiPAP (bilevel positive airway pressure) machines are a more advanced form of PAP (positive airway pressure) machines that maintain separate inspiratory positive airway pressure and expiratory positive airway pressure for easier exhalation of the patient.
What is the CPAP therapy benefit with sleep apnea treatment CPAP is a good night’s sleep, the effects of which are immediate. It prevents daytime sleepiness and removes the feeling of fatigue due to sleep apnea problem. It lowers blood pressure and also reduces heart complications for those who suffer from coronary heart diseases. Sleep apnea treatment CPAP also relieves one of snoring which may be one the side effects of sleep apnea.