Causes of obstructive sleep apnea, an important topic for people with sleep apnea. As the most common sleep apnea, OSA can be suffered by anyone. This sleep disorder occurs when the upper airway block up the air and reduces the level of oxygen. As the result, it creates pauses episodes that forces people to wake up during the sleep. This episodes may occur for several times in the night. But in OSA, the sufferers will not notice it. Understanding the causes of OSA is not just for the sufferers but also for the other ones. It may help you to find the right solution too.
The Common Causes
Obstructive sleep apnea may have several causes. But when it talks about the main causes, the answer always relates to the age, brain injury, decreases muscle tone, obese and throat or jaw shape. Although the most case of this problem commonly found in the old people, children may suffer it too. But in children, it usually caused by adenoids or tonsils in the airway.
The most common cause of OSA in adults is obesity. This conclusion supported by the fact that more than a half sufferers are overweight. Even the excess weight has known as biggest risk factor of this sleep disorder.
The Risk Factors
This kind of sleep apnea can be suffered by anyone. But however, the risk may grow depending on several aspects. Some of them are age, family history, bad habit and the other health problem such as diabetes, hypertension, enlarged tonsils and nasal congestion. In a few cases, OSA is a complication of some surgeries such as pharyngeal flap surgery. People with Down syndrome and fat neck also have the higher risk of this sleep disorder. If you have several of them, you have to be aware with obstructive sleep apnea symptoms and be sure to check it to the doctor soon.
Obstructive Sleep Apnea Treatments
When it goes to sleep apnea treatment, there is nothing better than lifestyle changes and Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP). These are the most recommended treatments as well. But unlike medication, these treatments more likely therapies. Lifestyle changes include losing weight, avoid alcohol and smoking will absolutely lead you to the better sleep. Even minor weight loss will give a huge change to you. Try to take an exercise program. Anyway, exercise is one way to get the healthy body. It builds your muscle and improves overall body health.
Sleep apnea can also be treated with the better sleeping behavior. Instead of getting sleep on your back, it will be better to get sleep on your side. Sleep on the back contributes to the airway blockage. But in the side position, you can keep the airway to stay opened.
CPAP is also effective to treat sleep apnea. This device works by flowing the air continuously to the throat and keep the airway opened. During the sleep, you have to wear it. It may be uncomfortable at first. Get to sleep will be a more difficult. But by the time, you will be familiar with it. But anyway, all of them begins from the causes of obstructive sleep apnea.