Here in this article you will know some what are the causes of sleep apnea. Obstructive sleep apnea may be due to obesity, adenoids and large tonsils (particularly common in children), irregular physical structure (larger tongue or uvula or narrow airways) or weak throat muscles. Contributing factors to this disorder can be asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), allergies, excessive stress and a constricted sleeping position. Central sleep apnea may be due to neurological disorders, strokes, neurodegenerative diseases, surgical complications or even radiotherapy. Below are listed some of what are the causes of sleep apnea.
Lists what are the causes of sleep apnea
- When you are asleep the throat muscles and tongue relax more than normal, and the fleshy tissue at the back of one’s throat called the uvula also relaxes whilst one sleeps. This can sometimes cause an obstruction which restricts the passage of air causing the sufferer to stop breathing. They then wake up due to a lack of oxygen but then they drift back to sleep straight away. Normally the sufferer is totally unaware of the problem although it can happen throughout the night. It can however affect how they feel during the day.
- An obstruction to the passage of air through the nose and throat due to large tonsils and adenoids. This is the most common cause of sleep apnea in children.
- In susceptible people, alcohol and drugs causes the muscles of their breathing system to relax and may cause the sleep problem.
- Damage to the lung’s surfaces through smoking is another risk factor. Unfortunately passive smokers are also put at risk.
- Due to nasal congestion that is associated with allergies, the chances of having an apnoeic episode are increased.
- It is thought in many quarters that various diseases of the thyroid glands contribute to the sleep disorder.
- Age is another important cause. As one gets older you lose some amount of muscle mass and its elasticity. This can cause the airway to become blocked which in turn leads to congestion and breathing problems.
- Lack of exercise and obesity seem to be interlinked and this is the most common what are the causes of sleep apnea. If one does not exercise then you are likely to gain weight which will in turn lead to a greater probability of suffering from the disorder.
Weight gain makes one more prone to sleep apnea. More deposits of fatty tissues gather in ones throat when one gains weight, causing the airways to narrow. This can cause the sufferer to snore more loudly and makes them more prone to waking up. Sleep apnea affects the levels of hormones in the body. The increase in the desire for food is brought about by the interaction of the reduced level of Leptin which suppresses appetite and the increased level of Grehlin which increases the body’s craving to eat. As a result the sufferer is drawn into a vicious cycle causing even more weight to be put on. I hope you can find some good info on what are the causes of sleep apnea in this short article.